In the fall and winter, you are less likely to get sunburned, but your unprotected skin is still exposed to harmful UVA rays. UVA rays will penetrate deeply into the dermis, which is the thickest layer of the skin, leading to premature skin aging and causing the development of skin cancer.
Winter is a popular time to go to the places in higher altitudes during the ski season. At higher altitudes, a thinner atmosphere can filter less UV radiation. With an increase of 1000 meters every altitude, the UV levels increase by 10% to 12%. This factor combined with the reflection of snow, which will result in up to 80% of UV rays, and it can cause severe sun damage to exposed skin and eyes.
Sun damage that leads to the development of skin cancer is cumulative. During the fall and winter, the threat of sunburn is less imminent, so it is easy for you to forget to apply sunscreen and wear sun-protective clothing when you go outdoors for winter hiking or cycling. The cloudy and foggy weather during the colder months can also make people think that they can go outdoors without doing sun protection. Even with dense clouds and fog, up to 80% of UVA rays can penetrate the earth’s surface and the damage to the skin increases over time.
Therefore, it is recommended to wear UV protective sunglasses and applying a broad-spectrum SPF sunscreen every two hours to protect the skin from UV damage.
People, who like to go hiking, running and exploring the outdoors during the colder weather, protect the skin as though it is still in the middle of summer. It is better to use a broad-spectrum SPF sunscreen every day, consider wearing a wide-brimmed hat and wearing sun-protective clothing. Bucket hats come in a variety of materials and designs that are available for you to choose from. It is suitable for a wide range of outdoor activities all year round. In summer, we can wear a bucket hat that is made of straw or polyester which have good ability in absorbing sweat and preventing UV damage from your skin while also keep you cool. However, bucket hats are often made of wool, cotton or velvet for fall and winter seasons, they can keep you warm and also protect your skin from UV rays.
Don’t think that the sun’s rays are weak in the fall and winter. In fact, the sun’s ultraviolet rays can pass through clouds, fog and haze. Up to 80% of the sun’s ultraviolet rays can penetrate the clouds and reflect to your skin. Many people like to go out to play in the snow during winter. Children like to build snowmen and snowballs at this time. Although the snow brings us a lot of fun, still we cannot forget to apply sunscreen. Because snow reflects up to 80% of UV radiation, which is much higher than the amount of water or beach sand.
In a word, when enjoying the winter sports, we must take measures to keep our skin protected from UV damage. Wear a hat or mask to cover your head, neck and face.